基于CentOS8系统制作OpenStack的镜像

一:准备工作

1、CentOS8安装在VMware上,不过这里需要设置下虚拟机的CPU让其支持虚拟化,好在虚拟的CentOS系统里面再用kvm开虚拟机
基于CentOS8系统制作OpenStack的镜像

2、环境检查,看看CPU支不支持硬件虚拟

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# lscpu | grep Virtualization:
Virtualization:      VT-x

或者

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# egrep -c '(vmx|svm)' /proc/cpuinfo
4
[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# 

3、安装kvm相关的包

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# mkdir -p /data/{iso,virt}
[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# dnf install -y qemu-kvm qemu-img libvirt virt-install libvirt-client virt-top libguestfs-tools virt-manager @virt && \
systemctl start libvirtd && systemctl enable libvirtd && systemctl status libvirtd && \
virsh version && virt-install --version

4、检查KVM模块是否被加载

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# lsmod | grep kvm
kvm_intel             290816  0
kvm                   753664  1 kvm_intel
irqbypass              16384  1 kvm

5、检查现有网络的状态,如果看到一个名为default状态为active的网络就是正常的

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# virsh net-list --all
 Name                 State      Autostart     Persistent
----------------------------------------------------------
 default              active     yes           yes

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# 

6、下载ISO镜像文件

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# mkdir -p /data && cd /data
[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# axel -an 20 http://mirror.cc.columbia.edu/pub/linux/centos/7.7.1908/isos/x86_64/CentOS-7-x86_64-Everything-1804.iso -o CentOS-7.7.1908-x86_64-Everything.iso
[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# axel -an 20 http://mirrors.dtops.cc/iso2/Windows/cn_windows_server_2019_updated_march_2019_x64_dvd_c1ffb46c_VirtIO.iso

7、使用命令创建一个KVM虚拟机

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 ~]# virt-install \
--virt-type kvm \
--name centos7 \
--ram 2048 --vcpus 2 \
--disk path=/data/virt/centos7.qcow2,size=10,format=qcow2,device=disk \
--network network=default \
--graphics vnc,listen=0.0.0.0 \
--noautoconsole \
--os-type=linux \
--os-variant=centos7.0 \
--cdrom=/data/iso/CentOS-7-x86_64-Everything-1908.iso

可以使用osinfo-query os命令来查询kvm支持的os-variant参数

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 /data]# osinfo-query os
 Short ID             | Name                                               | Version  | ID                                      
----------------------+----------------------------------------------------+----------+-----------------------------------------
 alpinelinux3.5       | Alpine Linux 3.5                                   | 3.5      | http://alpinelinux.org/alpinelinux/3.5  
 alpinelinux3.6       | Alpine Linux 3.6                                   | 3.6      | http://alpinelinux.org/alpinelinux/3.6  
 alpinelinux3.7       | Alpine Linux 3.7                                   | 3.7      | http://alpinelinux.org/alpinelinux/3.7  
 alpinelinux3.8       | Alpine Linux 3.8                                   | 3.8      | http://alpinelinux.org/alpinelinux/3.8  
 alt.p8               | ALT p8 StarterKits                                 | p8       | http://altlinux.org/alt/p8.starterkits  
 alt.sisyphus         | ALT regular                                        | sisyphus | http://altlinux.org/alt/sisyphus        
 alt8.0               | ALT 8 Education                                    | 8.0      | http://altlinux.org/alt/8.0             
 alt8.1               | ALT 8.1                                            | 8.1      | http://altlinux.org/alt/8.1             
 alt8.2               | ALT 8.2                                            | 8.2      | http://altlinux.org/alt/8.2             
 altlinux1.0          | Mandrake RE Spring 2001                            | 1.0      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/1.0        
 altlinux2.0          | ALT Linux 2.0                                      | 2.0      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/2.0        
 altlinux2.2          | ALT Linux 2.2                                      | 2.2      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/2.2        
 altlinux2.4          | ALT Linux 2.4                                      | 2.4      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/2.4        
 altlinux3.0          | ALT Linux 3.0                                      | 3.0      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/3.0        
 altlinux4.0          | ALT Linux 4.0                                      | 4.0      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/4.0        
 altlinux4.1          | ALT Linux 4.1                                      | 4.1      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/4.1        
 altlinux5.0          | ALT Linux 5.0                                      | 5.0      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/5.0        
 altlinux6.0          | ALT Linux 6.0                                      | 6.0      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/6.0        
 altlinux7.0          | ALT Linux 7.0                                      | 7.0      | http://altlinux.org/altlinux/7.0        
 android-x86-8.1      | Android-x86 8.1                                    | 8.1      | http://android-x86.org/android-x86/8.1  
 archlinux            | Arch Linux                                         |          | http://archlinux.org/archlinux/rolling  
 asianux-unknown      | Asianux unknown                                    | unknown  | http://asianux.com/asianux/unknown      
 asianux4.6           | Asianux Server 4 SP6                               |          | http://asianux.com/asianux/4.6          
 asianux4.7           | Asianux Server 4 SP7                               |          | http://asianux.com/asianux/4.7          
 asianux7.0           | Asianux Server 7                                   | 7.0      | http://asianux.com/asianux/7.0          
 asianux7.1           | Asianux Server 7 SP1                               | 7.1      | http://asianux.com/asianux/7.1          
 asianux7.2           | Asianux Server 7 SP2                               | 7.2      | http://asianux.com/asianux/7.2          
 asianux7.3           | Asianux Server 7 SP3                               | 7.3      | http://asianux.com/asianux/7.3          
 caasp-unknown        | SUSE CaaS Platform Unknown                         | unknown  | http://suse.com/caasp/unknown           
 caasp1.0             | SUSE CaaS Platform 1.0                             | 1.0      | http://suse.com/caasp/1.0               
 caasp2.0             | SUSE CaaS Platform 2.0                             | 2.0      | http://suse.com/caasp/2.0               
 caasp3.0             | SUSE CaaS Platform 3.0                             | 3.0      | http://suse.com/caasp/3.0               
 centos5.0            | CentOS 5.0                                         | 5.0      | http://centos.org/centos/5.0            
 centos5.1            | CentOS 5.1                                         | 5.1      | http://centos.org/centos/5.1            
 centos5.10           | CentOS 5.10                                        | 5.10     | http://centos.org/centos/5.10           
 centos5.11           | CentOS 5.11                                        | 5.11     | http://centos.org/centos/5.11           
 centos5.2            | CentOS 5.2                                         | 5.2      | http://centos.org/centos/5.2            
 centos5.3            | CentOS 5.3                                         | 5.3      | http://centos.org/centos/5.3            
 centos5.4            | CentOS 5.4                                         | 5.4      | http://centos.org/centos/5.4            
 centos5.5            | CentOS 5.5                                         | 5.5      | http://centos.org/centos/5.5            
 centos5.6            | CentOS 5.6                                         | 5.6      | http://centos.org/centos/5.6            
 centos5.7            | CentOS 5.7                                         | 5.7      | http://centos.org/centos/5.7            
 centos5.8            | CentOS 5.8                                         | 5.8      | http://centos.org/centos/5.8            
 centos5.9            | CentOS 5.9                                         | 5.9      | http://centos.org/centos/5.9            
 centos6.0            | CentOS 6.0                                         | 6.0      | http://centos.org/centos/6.0            
 centos6.1            | CentOS 6.1                                         | 6.1      | http://centos.org/centos/6.1            
 centos6.10           | CentOS 6.10                                        | 6.10     | http://centos.org/centos/6.10           
 centos6.2            | CentOS 6.2                                         | 6.2      | http://centos.org/centos/6.2            
 centos6.3            | CentOS 6.3                                         | 6.3      | http://centos.org/centos/6.3            
 centos6.4            | CentOS 6.4                                         | 6.4      | http://centos.org/centos/6.4            
 centos6.5            | CentOS 6.5                                         | 6.5      | http://centos.org/centos/6.5            
 centos6.6            | CentOS 6.6                                         | 6.6      | http://centos.org/centos/6.6            
 centos6.7            | CentOS 6.7                                         | 6.7      | http://centos.org/centos/6.7            
 centos6.8            | CentOS 6.8                                         | 6.8      | http://centos.org/centos/6.8            
 centos6.9            | CentOS 6.9                                         | 6.9      | http://centos.org/centos/6.9            
 centos7.0            | CentOS 7.0                                         | 7.0      | http://centos.org/centos/7.0            
 cirros0.3.0          | CirrOS 0.3.0                                       | 0.3.0    | http://cirros-cloud.net/cirros/0.3.0    
 cirros0.3.1          | CirrOS 0.3.1                                       | 0.3.1    | http://cirros-cloud.net/cirros/0.3.1    
 cirros0.3.2          | CirrOS 0.3.2                                       | 0.3.2    | http://cirros-cloud.net/cirros/0.3.2    
 cirros0.3.3          | CirrOS 0.3.3                                       | 0.3.3    | http://cirros-cloud.net/cirros/0.3.3    
 cirros0.3.4          | CirrOS 0.3.4                                       | 0.3.4    | http://cirros-cloud.net/cirros/0.3.4    
 cirros0.3.5          | CirrOS 0.3.5                                       | 0.3.5    | http://cirros-cloud.net/cirros/0.3.5    
 cirros0.4.0          | CirrOS 0.4.0                                       | 0.4.0    | http://cirros-cloud.net/cirros/0.4.0    
 debian1.1            | Debian GNU/Linux 1.1                               | 1.1      | http://debian.org/debian/1.1            
 debian1.2            | Debian GNU/Linux 1.2                               | 1.2      | http://debian.org/debian/1.2            
 debian1.3            | Debian GNU/Linux 1.3                               | 1.3      | http://debian.org/debian/1.3            
 debian2.0            | Debian GNU/Linux 2.0                               | 2.0      | http://debian.org/debian/2.0            
 debian2.1            | Debian GNU/Linux 2.1                               | 2.1      | http://debian.org/debian/2.1            
 debian2.2            | Debian GNU/Linux 2.2                               | 2.2      | http://debian.org/debian/2.2            
 debian3              | Debian GNU/Linux 3.0                               | 3.0      | http://debian.org/debian/3              
 debian3.1            | Debian GNU/Linux 3.1                               | 3.1      | http://debian.org/debian/3.1            
 debian4              | Debian GNU/Linux 4.0                               | 4.0      | http://debian.org/debian/4              
 debian5              | Debian GNU/Linux 5.0                               | 5.0      | http://debian.org/debian/5              
 debian6              | Debian 6.0                                         | 6.0      | http://debian.org/debian/6              
 debian7              | Debian 7                                           | 7        | http://debian.org/debian/7              
 debian8              | Debian 8                                           | 8        | http://debian.org/debian/8              
 debian9              | Debian 9                                           | 9        | http://debian.org/debian/9              
 debiantesting        | Debian testing                                     | testing  | http://debian.org/debian/testing        
 dragonflybsd1.0      | DragonFlyBSD 1.0                                   | 1.0      | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.0
 dragonflybsd1.0A     | DragonFlyBSD 1.0A                                  | 1.0A     | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.0A
 dragonflybsd1.10.0   | DragonFlyBSD 1.10.0                                | 1.10.0   | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.10.0
 dragonflybsd1.10.1   | DragonFlyBSD 1.10.1                                | 1.10.1   | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.10.1
 dragonflybsd1.12.0   | DragonFlyBSD 1.12.0                                | 1.12.0   | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.12.0
 dragonflybsd1.12.1   | DragonFlyBSD 1.12.1                                | 1.12.1   | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.12.1
 dragonflybsd1.12.2   | DragonFlyBSD 1.12.2                                | 1.12.2   | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.12.2
 dragonflybsd1.2.0    | DragonFlyBSD 1.2.0                                 | 1.2.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.2.0
 dragonflybsd1.2.1    | DragonFlyBSD 1.2.1                                 | 1.2.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.2.1
 dragonflybsd1.2.2    | DragonFlyBSD 1.2.2                                 | 1.2.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.2.2
 dragonflybsd1.2.3    | DragonFlyBSD 1.2.3                                 | 1.2.3    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.2.3
 dragonflybsd1.2.4    | DragonFlyBSD 1.2.4                                 | 1.2.4    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.2.4
 dragonflybsd1.2.5    | DragonFlyBSD 1.2.5                                 | 1.2.5    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.2.5
 dragonflybsd1.2.6    | DragonFlyBSD 1.2.6                                 | 1.2.6    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.2.6
 dragonflybsd1.4.0    | DragonFlyBSD 1.4.0                                 | 1.4.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.4.0
 dragonflybsd1.4.4    | DragonFlyBSD 1.4.4                                 | 1.4.4    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.4.4
 dragonflybsd1.6.0    | DragonFlyBSD 1.6.0                                 | 1.6.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.6.0
 dragonflybsd1.8.0    | DragonFlyBSD 1.8.0                                 | 1.8.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.8.0
 dragonflybsd1.8.1    | DragonFlyBSD 1.8.1                                 | 1.8.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/1.8.1
 dragonflybsd2.0.0    | DragonFlyBSD 2.0.0                                 | 2.0.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.0.0
 dragonflybsd2.0.1    | DragonFlyBSD 2.0.1                                 | 2.0.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.0.1
 dragonflybsd2.10.1   | DragonFlyBSD 2.10.1                                | 2.10.1   | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.10.1
 dragonflybsd2.2.0    | DragonFlyBSD 2.2.0                                 | 2.2.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.2.0
 dragonflybsd2.2.1    | DragonFlyBSD 2.2.1                                 | 2.2.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.2.1
 dragonflybsd2.4.0    | DragonFlyBSD 2.4.0                                 | 2.4.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.4.0
 dragonflybsd2.4.1    | DragonFlyBSD 2.4.1                                 | 2.4.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.4.1
 dragonflybsd2.6.1    | DragonFlyBSD 2.6.1                                 | 2.6.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.6.1
 dragonflybsd2.6.2    | DragonFlyBSD 2.6.2                                 | 2.6.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.6.2
 dragonflybsd2.6.3    | DragonFlyBSD 2.6.3                                 | 2.6.3    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.6.3
 dragonflybsd2.8.2    | DragonFlyBSD 2.8.2                                 | 2.8.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/2.8.2
 dragonflybsd3.0.1    | DragonFlyBSD 3.0.1                                 | 3.0.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.0.1
 dragonflybsd3.2.1    | DragonFlyBSD 3.2.1                                 | 3.2.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.2.1
 dragonflybsd3.4.1    | DragonFlyBSD 3.4.1                                 | 3.4.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.4.1
 dragonflybsd3.4.2    | DragonFlyBSD 3.4.2                                 | 3.4.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.4.2
 dragonflybsd3.4.3    | DragonFlyBSD 3.4.3                                 | 3.4.3    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.4.3
 dragonflybsd3.6.0    | DragonFlyBSD 3.6.0                                 | 3.6.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.6.0
 dragonflybsd3.6.1    | DragonFlyBSD 3.6.1                                 | 3.6.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.6.1
 dragonflybsd3.6.2    | DragonFlyBSD 3.6.2                                 | 3.6.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.6.2
 dragonflybsd3.8.0    | DragonFlyBSD 3.8.0                                 | 3.8.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.8.0
 dragonflybsd3.8.1    | DragonFlyBSD 3.8.1                                 | 3.8.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.8.1
 dragonflybsd3.8.2    | DragonFlyBSD 3.8.2                                 | 3.8.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/3.8.2
 dragonflybsd4.0.0    | DragonFlyBSD 4.0.0                                 | 4.0.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.0.0
 dragonflybsd4.0.1    | DragonFlyBSD 4.0.1                                 | 4.0.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.0.1
 dragonflybsd4.2.0    | DragonFlyBSD 4.2.0                                 | 4.2.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.2.0
 dragonflybsd4.2.1    | DragonFlyBSD 4.2.1                                 | 4.2.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.2.1
 dragonflybsd4.2.3    | DragonFlyBSD 4.2.3                                 | 4.2.3    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.2.3
 dragonflybsd4.2.4    | DragonFlyBSD 4.2.4                                 | 4.2.4    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.2.4
 dragonflybsd4.4.1    | DragonFlyBSD 4.4.1                                 | 4.4.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.4.1
 dragonflybsd4.4.2    | DragonFlyBSD 4.4.2                                 | 4.4.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.4.2
 dragonflybsd4.4.3    | DragonFlyBSD 4.4.3                                 | 4.4.3    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.4.3
 dragonflybsd4.6.0    | DragonFlyBSD 4.6.0                                 | 4.6.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.6.0
 dragonflybsd4.6.1    | DragonFlyBSD 4.6.1                                 | 4.6.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.6.1
 dragonflybsd4.6.2    | DragonFlyBSD 4.6.2                                 | 4.6.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.6.2
 dragonflybsd4.8.0    | DragonFlyBSD 4.8.0                                 | 4.8.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.8.0
 dragonflybsd4.8.1    | DragonFlyBSD 4.8.1                                 | 4.8.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/4.8.1
 dragonflybsd5.0.0    | DragonFlyBSD 5.0.0                                 | 5.0.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.0.0
 dragonflybsd5.0.1    | DragonFlyBSD 5.0.1                                 | 5.0.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.0.1
 dragonflybsd5.0.2    | DragonFlyBSD 5.0.2                                 | 5.0.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.0.2
 dragonflybsd5.2.0    | DragonFlyBSD 5.2.0                                 | 5.2.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.2.0
 dragonflybsd5.2.1    | DragonFlyBSD 5.2.1                                 | 5.2.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.2.1
 dragonflybsd5.2.2    | DragonFlyBSD 5.2.2                                 | 5.2.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.2.2
 dragonflybsd5.4.0    | DragonFlyBSD 5.4.0                                 | 5.4.0    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.4.0
 dragonflybsd5.4.1    | DragonFlyBSD 5.4.1                                 | 5.4.1    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.4.1
 dragonflybsd5.4.2    | DragonFlyBSD 5.4.2                                 | 5.4.2    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.4.2
 dragonflybsd5.4.3    | DragonFlyBSD 5.4.3                                 | 5.4.3    | http://dragonflybsd.org/dragonflybsd/5.4.3
 eos3.3               | Endless OS 3.3                                     | 3.3      | http://endlessos.com/eos/3.3            
 eos3.4               | Endless OS 3.4                                     | 3.4      | http://endlessos.com/eos/3.4            
 fedora-rawhide       | Fedora Rawhide                                     | Rawhide  | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/rawhide 
 fedora-unknown       | Fedora                                             | unknown  | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/unknown 
 fedora1              | Fedora Core 1                                      | 1        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/1       
 fedora10             | Fedora 10                                          | 10       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/10      
 fedora11             | Fedora 11                                          | 11       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/11      
 fedora12             | Fedora 12                                          | 12       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/12      
 fedora13             | Fedora 13                                          | 13       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/13      
 fedora14             | Fedora 14                                          | 14       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/14      
 fedora15             | Fedora 15                                          | 15       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/15      
 fedora16             | Fedora 16                                          | 16       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/16      
 fedora17             | Fedora 17                                          | 17       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/17      
 fedora18             | Fedora 18                                          | 18       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/18      
 fedora19             | Fedora 19                                          | 19       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/19      
 fedora2              | Fedora Core 2                                      | 2        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/2       
 fedora20             | Fedora 20                                          | 20       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/20      
 fedora21             | Fedora 21                                          | 21       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/21      
 fedora22             | Fedora 22                                          | 22       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/22      
 fedora23             | Fedora 23                                          | 23       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/23      
 fedora24             | Fedora 24                                          | 24       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/24      
 fedora25             | Fedora 25                                          | 25       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/25      
 fedora26             | Fedora 26                                          | 26       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/26      
 fedora27             | Fedora 27                                          | 27       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/27      
 fedora28             | Fedora 28                                          | 28       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/28      
 fedora29             | Fedora 29                                          | 29       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/29      
 fedora3              | Fedora Core 3                                      | 3        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/3       
 fedora30             | Fedora 30                                          | 30       | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/30      
 fedora4              | Fedora Core 4                                      | 4        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/4       
 fedora5              | Fedora Core 5                                      | 5        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/5       
 fedora6              | Fedora Core 6                                      | 6        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/6       
 fedora7              | Fedora 7                                           | 7        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/7       
 fedora8              | Fedora 8                                           | 8        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/8       
 fedora9              | Fedora 9                                           | 9        | http://fedoraproject.org/fedora/9       
 freebsd1.0           | FreeBSD 1.0                                        | 1.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/1.0          
 freebsd10.0          | FreeBSD 10.0                                       | 10.0     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/10.0         
 freebsd10.1          | FreeBSD 10.1                                       | 10.1     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/10.1         
 freebsd10.2          | FreeBSD 10.2                                       | 10.2     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/10.2         
 freebsd10.3          | FreeBSD 10.3                                       | 10.3     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/10.3         
 freebsd10.4          | FreeBSD 10.4                                       | 10.4     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/10.4         
 freebsd11.0          | FreeBSD 11.0                                       | 11.0     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/11.0         
 freebsd11.1          | FreeBSD 11.1                                       | 11.1     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/11.1         
 freebsd11.2          | FreeBSD 11.2                                       | 11.2     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/11.2         
 freebsd12.0          | FreeBSD 12.0                                       | 12.0     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/12.0         
 freebsd2.0           | FreeBSD 2.0                                        | 2.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/2.0          
 freebsd2.0.5         | FreeBSD 2.0.5                                      | 2.0.5    | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/2.0.5        
 freebsd2.2.8         | FreeBSD 2.2.8                                      | 2.2.8    | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/2.2.8        
 freebsd2.2.9         | FreeBSD 2.2.9                                      | 2.2.9    | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/2.2.9        
 freebsd3.0           | FreeBSD 3.0                                        | 3.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/3.0          
 freebsd3.2           | FreeBSD 3.2                                        | 3.2      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/3.2          
 freebsd4.0           | FreeBSD 4.0                                        | 4.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.0          
 freebsd4.1           | FreeBSD 4.1                                        | 4.1      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.1          
 freebsd4.10          | FreeBSD 4.10                                       | 4.10     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.10         
 freebsd4.11          | FreeBSD 4.11                                       | 4.11     | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.11         
 freebsd4.2           | FreeBSD 4.2                                        | 4.2      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.2          
 freebsd4.3           | FreeBSD 4.3                                        | 4.3      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.3          
 freebsd4.4           | FreeBSD 4.4                                        | 4.4      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.4          
 freebsd4.5           | FreeBSD 4.5                                        | 4.5      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.5          
 freebsd4.6           | FreeBSD 4.6                                        | 4.6      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.6          
 freebsd4.7           | FreeBSD 4.7                                        | 4.7      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.7          
 freebsd4.8           | FreeBSD 4.8                                        | 4.8      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.8          
 freebsd4.9           | FreeBSD 4.9                                        | 4.9      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/4.9          
 freebsd5.0           | FreeBSD 5.0                                        | 5.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/5.0          
 freebsd5.1           | FreeBSD 5.1                                        | 5.1      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/5.1          
 freebsd5.2           | FreeBSD 5.2                                        | 5.2      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/5.2          
 freebsd5.2.1         | FreeBSD 5.2.1                                      | 5.2.1    | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/5.2.1        
 freebsd5.3           | FreeBSD 5.3                                        | 5.3      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/5.3          
 freebsd5.4           | FreeBSD 5.4                                        | 5.4      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/5.4          
 freebsd5.5           | FreeBSD 5.5                                        | 5.5      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/5.5          
 freebsd6.0           | FreeBSD 6.0                                        | 6.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/6.0          
 freebsd6.1           | FreeBSD 6.1                                        | 6.1      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/6.1          
 freebsd6.2           | FreeBSD 6.2                                        | 6.2      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/6.2          
 freebsd6.3           | FreeBSD 6.3                                        | 6.3      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/6.3          
 freebsd6.4           | FreeBSD 6.4                                        | 6.4      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/6.4          
 freebsd7.0           | FreeBSD 7.0                                        | 7.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/7.0          
 freebsd7.1           | FreeBSD 7.1                                        | 7.1      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/7.1          
 freebsd7.2           | FreeBSD 7.2                                        | 7.2      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/7.2          
 freebsd7.3           | FreeBSD 7.3                                        | 7.3      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/7.3          
 freebsd7.4           | FreeBSD 7.4                                        | 7.4      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/7.4          
 freebsd8.0           | FreeBSD 8.0                                        | 8.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/8.0          
 freebsd8.1           | FreeBSD 8.1                                        | 8.1      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/8.1          
 freebsd8.2           | FreeBSD 8.2                                        | 8.2      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/8.2          
 freebsd8.3           | FreeBSD 8.3                                        | 8.3      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/8.3          
 freebsd8.4           | FreeBSD 8.4                                        | 8.4      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/8.4          
 freebsd9.0           | FreeBSD 9.0                                        | 9.0      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/9.0          
 freebsd9.1           | FreeBSD 9.1                                        | 9.1      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/9.1          
 freebsd9.2           | FreeBSD 9.2                                        | 9.2      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/9.2          
 freebsd9.3           | FreeBSD 9.3                                        | 9.3      | http://freebsd.org/freebsd/9.3          
 freedos1.2           | FreeDOS 1.2                                        | 1.2      | http://freedos.org/freedos/1.2          
 gentoo               | Gentoo Linux                                       |          | http://gentoo.org/gentoo/rolling        
 gnome-continuous-3.10 | GNOME 3.10                                         | 3.10     | http://gnome.org/gnome-continuous/3.10  
 gnome-continuous-3.12 | GNOME 3.12                                         | 3.12     | http://gnome.org/gnome-continuous/3.12  
 gnome-continuous-3.14 | GNOME 3.14                                         | 3.14     | http://gnome.org/gnome-continuous/3.14  
 gnome3.6             | GNOME 3.6                                          | 3.6      | http://gnome.org/gnome/3.6              
 gnome3.8             | GNOME 3.8                                          | 3.8      | http://gnome.org/gnome/3.8              
 haikunightly         | Haiku Nightly                                      | nightly  | http://haiku-os.org/haiku/nightly       
 haikur1alpha1        | Haiku R1/Alpha1                                    | r1alpha1 | http://haiku-os.org/haiku/r1alpha1      
 haikur1alpha2        | Haiku R1/Alpha2                                    | r1alpha2 | http://haiku-os.org/haiku/r1alpha2      
 haikur1alpha3        | Haiku R1/Alpha3                                    | r1alpha3 | http://haiku-os.org/haiku/r1alpha3      
 haikur1alpha4.1      | Haiku R1/Alpha4.1                                  | r1alpha4.1 | http://haiku-os.org/haiku/r1alpha4.1    
 haikur1beta1         | Haiku R1/Beta1                                     | r1beta1  | http://haiku-os.org/haiku/r1beta1       
 macosx10.0           | MacOS X Cheetah                                    | 10.0     | http://apple.com/macosx/10.0            
 macosx10.1           | MacOS X Puma                                       | 10.1     | http://apple.com/macosx/10.1            
 macosx10.2           | MacOS X Jaguar                                     | 10.2     | http://apple.com/macosx/10.2            
 macosx10.3           | MacOS X Panther                                    | 10.3     | http://apple.com/macosx/10.3            
 macosx10.4           | MacOS X Tiger                                      | 10.4     | http://apple.com/macosx/10.4            
 macosx10.5           | MacOS X Leopard                                    | 10.5     | http://apple.com/macosx/10.5            
 macosx10.6           | MacOS X Snow Leopard                               | 10.6     | http://apple.com/macosx/10.6            
 macosx10.7           | MacOS X Lion                                       | 10.7     | http://apple.com/macosx/10.7            
 mageia1              | Mageia 1                                           | 1        | http://mageia.org/mageia/1              
 mageia2              | Mageia 2                                           | 2        | http://mageia.org/mageia/2              
 mageia3              | Mageia 3                                           | 3        | http://mageia.org/mageia/3              
 mageia4              | Mageia 4                                           | 4        | http://mageia.org/mageia/4              
 mageia5              | Mageia 5                                           | 5        | http://mageia.org/mageia/5              
 mageia6              | Mageia 6                                           | 6        | http://mageia.org/mageia/6              
 mandrake10.0         | Mandrake Linux 10.0                                | 10.0     | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/10.0       
 mandrake10.1         | Mandrake Linux 10.1                                | 10.1     | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/10.1       
 mandrake10.2         | Mandrake Linux 10.2                                | 10.2     | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/10.2       
 mandrake5.1          | Mandrake Linux 5.1                                 | 5.1      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/5.1        
 mandrake5.2          | Mandrake Linux 5.2                                 | 5.2      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/5.2        
 mandrake5.3          | Mandrake Linux 5.3                                 | 5.3      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/5.3        
 mandrake6.0          | Mandrake Linux 6.0                                 | 6.0      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/6.0        
 mandrake6.1          | Mandrake Linux 6.1                                 | 6.1      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/6.1        
 mandrake7.0          | Mandrake Linux 7.0                                 | 7.0      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/7.0        
 mandrake7.1          | Mandrake Linux 7.1                                 | 7.1      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/7.1        
 mandrake7.2          | Mandrake Linux 7.2                                 | 7.2      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/7.2        
 mandrake8.0          | Mandrake Linux 8.0                                 | 8.0      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/8.0        
 mandrake8.1          | Mandrake Linux 8.1                                 | 8.1      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/8.1        
 mandrake8.2          | Mandrake Linux 8.2                                 | 8.2      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/8.2        
 mandrake9.0          | Mandrake Linux 9.0                                 | 9.0      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/9.0        
 mandrake9.1          | Mandrake Linux 9.1                                 | 9.1      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/9.1        
 mandrake9.2          | Mandrake Linux 9.2                                 | 9.2      | http://mandriva.com/mandrake/9.2        
 mandriva2006.0       | Mandriva Linux 2006.0                              | 2006.0   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2006.0     
 mandriva2007         | Mandriva Linux 2007                                | 2007     | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2007       
 mandriva2007.1       | Mandriva Linux 2007 Spring                         | 2007.1   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2007.1     
 mandriva2008.0       | Mandriva Linux 2008                                | 2008.0   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2008.0     
 mandriva2008.1       | Mandriva Linux 2008 Spring                         | 2008.1   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2008.1     
 mandriva2009.0       | Mandriva Linux 2009                                | 2009.0   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2009.0     
 mandriva2009.1       | Mandriva Linux 2009 Spring                         | 2009.1   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2009.1     
 mandriva2010.0       | Mandriva Linux 2010                                | 2010.0   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2010.0     
 mandriva2010.1       | Mandriva Linux 2010 Spring                         | 2010.1   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2010.1     
 mandriva2010.2       | Mandriva Linux 2010.2                              | 2010.2   | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2010.2     
 mandriva2011         | Mandriva Linux 2011                                | 2011     | http://mandriva.com/mandriva/2011       
 mbs1.0               | Mandriva Business Server 1.0                       | 1.0      | http://mandriva.com/mbs/1.0             
 mes5                 | Mandriva Enterprise Server 5.0                     | 5.0      | http://mandriva.com/mes/5.0             
 mes5.1               | Mandriva Enterprise Server 5.1                     | 5.1      | http://mandriva.com/mes/5.1             
 msdos6.22            | Microsoft MS-DOS 6.22                              | 6.22     | http://microsoft.com/msdos/6.22         
 netbsd0.8            | NetBSD 0.8                                         | 0.8      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/0.8            
 netbsd0.9            | NetBSD 0.9                                         | 0.9      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/0.9            
 netbsd1.0            | NetBSD 1.0                                         | 1.0      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/1.0            
 netbsd1.1            | NetBSD 1.1                                         | 1.1      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/1.1            
 netbsd1.2            | NetBSD 1.2                                         | 1.2      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/1.2            
 netbsd1.3            | NetBSD 1.3                                         | 1.3      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/1.3            
 netbsd1.4            | NetBSD 1.4                                         | 1.4      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/1.4            
 netbsd1.5            | NetBSD 1.5                                         | 1.5      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/1.5            
 netbsd1.6            | NetBSD 1.6                                         | 1.6      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/1.6            
 netbsd2.0            | NetBSD 2.0                                         | 2.0      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/2.0            
 netbsd3.0            | NetBSD 3.0                                         | 3.0      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/3.0            
 netbsd4.0            | NetBSD 4.0                                         | 4.0      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/4.0            
 netbsd5.0            | NetBSD 5.0                                         | 5.0      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/5.0            
 netbsd5.1            | NetBSD 5.1                                         | 5.1      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/5.1            
 netbsd6.0            | NetBSD 6.0                                         | 6.0      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/6.0            
 netbsd6.1            | NetBSD 6.1                                         | 6.1      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/6.1            
 netbsd7.0            | NetBSD 7.0                                         | 7.0      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/7.0            
 netbsd7.1            | NetBSD 7.1                                         | 7.1      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/7.1            
 netbsd7.1.1          | NetBSD 7.1.1                                       | 7.1.1    | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/7.1.1          
 netbsd7.1.2          | NetBSD 7.1.2                                       | 7.1.2    | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/7.1.2          
 netbsd7.2            | NetBSD 7.2                                         | 7.2      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/7.2            
 netbsd8.0            | NetBSD 8.0                                         | 8.0      | http://netbsd.org/netbsd/8.0            
 netware4             | Novell Netware 4                                   | 4        | http://novell.com/netware/4             
 netware5             | Novell Netware 5                                   | 5        | http://novell.com/netware/5             
 netware6             | Novell Netware 6                                   | 6        | http://novell.com/netware/6             
 oel4.4               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.4                        | 4.4      | http://oracle.com/oel/4.4               
 oel4.5               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.5                        | 4.5      | http://oracle.com/oel/4.5               
 oel4.6               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.6                        | 4.6      | http://oracle.com/oel/4.6               
 oel4.7               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.7                        | 4.7      | http://oracle.com/oel/4.7               
 oel4.8               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.8                        | 4.8      | http://oracle.com/oel/4.8               
 oel4.9               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.9                        | 4.9      | http://oracle.com/oel/4.9               
 oel5.0               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0                        | 5.0      | http://oracle.com/oel/5.0               
 oel5.1               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.1                        | 5.1      | http://oracle.com/oel/5.1               
 oel5.2               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.2                        | 5.2      | http://oracle.com/oel/5.2               
 oel5.3               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.3                        | 5.3      | http://oracle.com/oel/5.3               
 oel5.4               | Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.4                        | 5.4      | http://oracle.com/oel/5.4               
 ol5.10               | Oracle Linux 5.10                                  | 5.10     | http://oracle.com/ol/5.10               
 ol5.11               | Oracle Linux 5.11                                  | 5.11     | http://oracle.com/ol/5.11               
 ol5.5                | Oracle Linux 5.5                                   | 5.5      | http://oracle.com/ol/5.5                
 ol5.6                | Oracle Linux 5.6                                   | 5.6      | http://oracle.com/ol/5.6                
 ol5.7                | Oracle Linux 5.7                                   | 5.7      | http://oracle.com/ol/5.7                
 ol5.8                | Oracle Linux 5.8                                   | 5.8      | http://oracle.com/ol/5.8                
 ol5.9                | Oracle Linux 5.9                                   | 5.9      | http://oracle.com/ol/5.9                
 ol6.0                | Oracle Linux 6.0                                   | 6.0      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.0                
 ol6.1                | Oracle Linux 6.1                                   | 6.1      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.1                
 ol6.10               | Oracle Linux 6.10                                  | 6.10     | http://oracle.com/ol/6.10               
 ol6.2                | Oracle Linux 6.2                                   | 6.2      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.2                
 ol6.3                | Oracle Linux 6.3                                   | 6.3      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.3                
 ol6.4                | Oracle Linux 6.4                                   | 6.4      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.4                
 ol6.5                | Oracle Linux 6.5                                   | 6.5      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.5                
 ol6.6                | Oracle Linux 6.6                                   | 6.6      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.6                
 ol6.7                | Oracle Linux 6.7                                   | 6.7      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.7                
 ol6.8                | Oracle Linux 6.8                                   | 6.8      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.8                
 ol6.9                | Oracle Linux 6.9                                   | 6.9      | http://oracle.com/ol/6.9                
 ol7.0                | Oracle Linux 7.0                                   | 7.0      | http://oracle.com/ol/7.0                
 ol7.1                | Oracle Linux 7.1                                   | 7.1      | http://oracle.com/ol/7.1                
 ol7.2                | Oracle Linux 7.2                                   | 7.2      | http://oracle.com/ol/7.2                
 ol7.3                | Oracle Linux 7.3                                   | 7.3      | http://oracle.com/ol/7.3                
 ol7.4                | Oracle Linux 7.4                                   | 7.4      | http://oracle.com/ol/7.4                
 ol7.5                | Oracle Linux 7.5                                   | 7.5      | http://oracle.com/ol/7.5                
 ol7.6                | Oracle Linux 7.6                                   | 7.6      | http://oracle.com/ol/7.6                
 ol8.0                | Oracle Linux 8.0                                   | 8.0      | http://oracle.com/ol/8.0                
 openbsd4.2           | OpenBSD 4.2                                        | 4.2      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/4.2          
 openbsd4.3           | OpenBSD 4.3                                        | 4.3      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/4.3          
 openbsd4.4           | OpenBSD 4.4                                        | 4.4      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/4.4          
 openbsd4.5           | OpenBSD 4.5                                        | 4.5      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/4.5          
 openbsd4.8           | OpenBSD 4.8                                        | 4.8      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/4.8          
 openbsd4.9           | OpenBSD 4.9                                        | 4.9      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/4.9          
 openbsd5.0           | OpenBSD 5.0                                        | 5.0      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.0          
 openbsd5.1           | OpenBSD 5.1                                        | 5.1      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.1          
 openbsd5.2           | OpenBSD 5.2                                        | 5.2      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.2          
 openbsd5.3           | OpenBSD 5.3                                        | 5.3      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.3          
 openbsd5.4           | OpenBSD 5.4                                        | 5.4      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.4          
 openbsd5.5           | OpenBSD 5.5                                        | 5.5      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.5          
 openbsd5.6           | OpenBSD 5.6                                        | 5.6      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.6          
 openbsd5.7           | OpenBSD 5.7                                        | 5.7      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.7          
 openbsd5.8           | OpenBSD 5.8                                        | 5.8      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.8          
 openbsd5.9           | OpenBSD 5.9                                        | 5.9      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/5.9          
 openbsd6.0           | OpenBSD 6.0                                        | 6.0      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/6.0          
 openbsd6.1           | OpenBSD 6.1                                        | 6.1      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/6.1          
 openbsd6.2           | OpenBSD 6.2                                        | 6.2      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/6.2          
 openbsd6.3           | OpenBSD 6.3                                        | 6.3      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/6.3          
 openbsd6.4           | OpenBSD 6.4                                        | 6.4      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/6.4          
 openbsd6.5           | OpenBSD 6.5                                        | 6.5      | http://openbsd.org/openbsd/6.5          
 opensolaris2009.06   | OpenSolaris 2009.06                                | 2009.06  | http://sun.com/opensolaris/2009.06      
 opensuse-factory     | openSUSE                                           | factory  | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/factory    
 opensuse-unknown     | openSUSE                                           | unknown  | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/unknown    
 opensuse10.2         | openSUSE 10.2                                      | 10.2     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/10.2       
 opensuse10.3         | openSUSE 10.3                                      | 10.3     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/10.3       
 opensuse11.0         | openSUSE 11.0                                      | 11.0     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/11.0       
 opensuse11.1         | openSUSE 11.1                                      | 11.1     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/11.1       
 opensuse11.2         | openSUSE 11.2                                      | 11.2     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/11.2       
 opensuse11.3         | openSUSE 11.3                                      | 11.3     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/11.3       
 opensuse11.4         | openSUSE 11.4                                      | 11.4     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/11.4       
 opensuse12.1         | openSUSE 12.1                                      | 12.1     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/12.1       
 opensuse12.2         | openSUSE 12.2                                      | 12.2     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/12.2       
 opensuse12.3         | openSUSE 12.3                                      | 12.3     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/12.3       
 opensuse13.1         | openSUSE 13.1                                      | 13.1     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/13.1       
 opensuse13.2         | openSUSE 13.2                                      | 13.2     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/13.2       
 opensuse15.0         | openSUSE Leap 15.0                                 | 15.0     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/15.0       
 opensuse15.1         | openSUSE Leap 15.1                                 | 15.1     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/15.1       
 opensuse42.1         | openSUSE Leap 42.1                                 | 42.1     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/42.1       
 opensuse42.2         | openSUSE Leap 42.2                                 | 42.2     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/42.2       
 opensuse42.3         | openSUSE Leap 42.3                                 | 42.3     | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/42.3       
 opensusetumbleweed   | openSUSE Tumbleweed                                | tumbleweed | http://opensuse.org/opensuse/tumbleweed 
 popos17.10           | Pop!_OS 17.10                                      | 17.10    | http://system76.com/popos/17.10         
 popos18.04           | Pop!_OS 18.04                                      | 18.04    | http://system76.com/popos/18.04         
 popos18.10           | Pop!_OS 18.10                                      | 18.10    | http://system76.com/popos/18.10         
 pureos8              | PureOS                                             | 8        | http://pureos.net/pureos/8              
 rhel-atomic-7.0      | Red Hat Enterprise Linux Atomic Host 7.0           | 7.0      | http://redhat.com/rhel-atomic/7.0       
 rhel-atomic-7.1      | Red Hat Enterprise Linux Atomic Host 7.1           | 7.1      | http://redhat.com/rhel-atomic/7.1       
 rhel-atomic-7.2      | Red Hat Enterprise Linux Atomic Host 7.2           | 7.2      | http://redhat.com/rhel-atomic/7.2       
 rhel-atomic-7.3      | Red Hat Enterprise Linux Atomic Host 7.3           | 7.3      | http://redhat.com/rhel-atomic/7.3       
 rhel-atomic-7.4      | Red Hat Enterprise Linux Atomic Host 7.4           | 7.4      | http://redhat.com/rhel-atomic/7.4       
 rhel-unknown         | Red Hat Enterprise Linux Unknown                   | unknown  | http://redhat.com/rhel/unknown          
 rhel2.1              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1                       | 2.1      | http://redhat.com/rhel/2.1              
 rhel2.1.1            | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 Update 1              | 2.1.1    | http://redhat.com/rhel/2.1.1            
 rhel2.1.2            | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 Update 2              | 2.1.2    | http://redhat.com/rhel/2.1.2            
 rhel2.1.3            | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 Update 3              | 2.1.3    | http://redhat.com/rhel/2.1.3            
 rhel2.1.4            | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 Update 4              | 2.1.4    | http://redhat.com/rhel/2.1.4            
 rhel2.1.5            | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 Update 5              | 2.1.5    | http://redhat.com/rhel/2.1.5            
 rhel2.1.6            | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 Update 6              | 2.1.6    | http://redhat.com/rhel/2.1.6            
 rhel2.1.7            | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 Update 7              | 2.1.7    | http://redhat.com/rhel/2.1.7            
 rhel3                | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3                         | 3        | http://redhat.com/rhel/3                
 rhel3.1              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 1                | 3.1      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.1              
 rhel3.2              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 2                | 3.2      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.2              
 rhel3.3              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 3                | 3.3      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.3              
 rhel3.4              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 4                | 3.4      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.4              
 rhel3.5              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 5                | 3.5      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.5              
 rhel3.6              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 6                | 3.6      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.6              
 rhel3.7              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 7                | 3.7      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.7              
 rhel3.8              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 8                | 3.8      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.8              
 rhel3.9              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 Update 9                | 3.9      | http://redhat.com/rhel/3.9              
 rhel4.0              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0                       | 4.0      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.0              
 rhel4.1              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.1                       | 4.1      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.1              
 rhel4.2              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.2                       | 4.2      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.2              
 rhel4.3              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.3                       | 4.3      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.3              
 rhel4.4              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.4                       | 4.4      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.4              
 rhel4.5              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.5                       | 4.5      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.5              
 rhel4.6              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.6                       | 4.6      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.6              
 rhel4.7              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.7                       | 4.7      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.7              
 rhel4.8              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.8                       | 4.8      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.8              
 rhel4.9              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.9                       | 4.9      | http://redhat.com/rhel/4.9              
 rhel5.0              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0                       | 5.0      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.0              
 rhel5.1              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.1                       | 5.1      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.1              
 rhel5.10             | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.10                      | 5.10     | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.10             
 rhel5.11             | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.11                      | 5.11     | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.11             
 rhel5.2              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.2                       | 5.2      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.2              
 rhel5.3              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.3                       | 5.3      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.3              
 rhel5.4              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4                       | 5.4      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.4              
 rhel5.5              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.5                       | 5.5      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.5              
 rhel5.6              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.6                       | 5.6      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.6              
 rhel5.7              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.7                       | 5.7      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.7              
 rhel5.8              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.8                       | 5.8      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.8              
 rhel5.9              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.9                       | 5.9      | http://redhat.com/rhel/5.9              
 rhel6-unknown        | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Unknown                 | 6-unknown | http://redhat.com/rhel/6-unknown        
 rhel6.0              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0                       | 6.0      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.0              
 rhel6.1              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.1                       | 6.1      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.1              
 rhel6.10             | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.10                      | 6.10     | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.10             
 rhel6.2              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2                       | 6.2      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.2              
 rhel6.3              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3                       | 6.3      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.3              
 rhel6.4              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4                       | 6.4      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.4              
 rhel6.5              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5                       | 6.5      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.5              
 rhel6.6              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.6                       | 6.6      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.6              
 rhel6.7              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.7                       | 6.7      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.7              
 rhel6.8              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.8                       | 6.8      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.8              
 rhel6.9              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.9                       | 6.9      | http://redhat.com/rhel/6.9              
 rhel7-unknown        | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Unknown                 | 7-unknown | http://redhat.com/rhel/7-unknown        
 rhel7.0              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.0                       | 7.0      | http://redhat.com/rhel/7.0              
 rhel7.1              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1                       | 7.1      | http://redhat.com/rhel/7.1              
 rhel7.2              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2                       | 7.2      | http://redhat.com/rhel/7.2              
 rhel7.3              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3                       | 7.3      | http://redhat.com/rhel/7.3              
 rhel7.4              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.4                       | 7.4      | http://redhat.com/rhel/7.4              
 rhel7.5              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.5                       | 7.5      | http://redhat.com/rhel/7.5              
 rhel7.6              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.6                       | 7.6      | http://redhat.com/rhel/7.6              
 rhel7.7              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.7                       | 7.7      | http://redhat.com/rhel/7.7              
 rhel8-unknown        | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Unknown                 | 8-unknown | http://redhat.com/rhel/8-unknown        
 rhel8.0              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.0                       | 8.0      | http://redhat.com/rhel/8.0              
 rhel8.1              | Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.1                       | 8.1      | http://redhat.com/rhel/8.1              
 rhl1.0               | Red Hat Linux 1.0                                  | 1.0      | http://redhat.com/rhl/1.0               
 rhl1.1               | Red Hat Linux 1.1                                  | 1.1      | http://redhat.com/rhl/1.1               
 rhl2.0               | Red Hat Linux 2.0                                  | 2.0      | http://redhat.com/rhl/2.0               
 rhl2.1               | Red Hat Linux 2.1                                  | 2.1      | http://redhat.com/rhl/2.1               
 rhl3.0.3             | Red Hat Linux 3.0.3                                | 3.0.3    | http://redhat.com/rhl/3.0.3             
 rhl4.0               | Red Hat Linux 4.0                                  | 4.0      | http://redhat.com/rhl/4.0               
 rhl4.1               | Red Hat Linux 4.1                                  | 4.1      | http://redhat.com/rhl/4.1               
 rhl4.2               | Red Hat Linux 4.2                                  | 4.2      | http://redhat.com/rhl/4.2               
 rhl5.0               | Red Hat Linux 5.0                                  | 5.0      | http://redhat.com/rhl/5.0               
 rhl5.1               | Red Hat Linux 5.1                                  | 5.1      | http://redhat.com/rhl/5.1               
 rhl5.2               | Red Hat Linux 5.2                                  | 5.2      | http://redhat.com/rhl/5.2               
 rhl6.0               | Red Hat Linux 6.0                                  | 6.0      | http://redhat.com/rhl/6.0               
 rhl6.1               | Red Hat Linux 6.1                                  | 6.1      | http://redhat.com/rhl/6.1               
 rhl6.2               | Red Hat Linux 6.2                                  | 6.2      | http://redhat.com/rhl/6.2               
 rhl7                 | Red Hat Linux 7                                    | 7        | http://redhat.com/rhl/7                 
 rhl7.1               | Red Hat Linux 7.1                                  | 7.1      | http://redhat.com/rhl/7.1               
 rhl7.2               | Red Hat Linux 7.2                                  | 7.2      | http://redhat.com/rhl/7.2               
 rhl7.3               | Red Hat Linux 7.3                                  | 7.3      | http://redhat.com/rhl/7.3               
 rhl8.0               | Red Hat Linux 8.0                                  | 8.0      | http://redhat.com/rhl/8.0               
 rhl9                 | Red Hat Linux 9                                    | 9        | http://redhat.com/rhl/9                 
 scientificlinux5.0   | Scientific Linux 5.0                               | 5.0      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.0
 scientificlinux5.1   | Scientific Linux 5.1                               | 5.1      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.1
 scientificlinux5.10  | Scientific Linux 5.10                              | 5.10     | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.10
 scientificlinux5.11  | Scientific Linux 5.11                              | 5.11     | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.11
 scientificlinux5.2   | Scientific Linux 5.2                               | 5.2      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.2
 scientificlinux5.3   | Scientific Linux 5.3                               | 5.3      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.3
 scientificlinux5.4   | Scientific Linux 5.4                               | 5.4      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.4
 scientificlinux5.5   | Scientific Linux 5.5                               | 5.5      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.5
 scientificlinux5.6   | Scientific Linux 5.6                               | 5.6      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.6
 scientificlinux5.7   | Scientific Linux 5.7                               | 5.7      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.7
 scientificlinux5.8   | Scientific Linux 5.8                               | 5.8      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.8
 scientificlinux5.9   | Scientific Linux 5.9                               | 5.9      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/5.9
 scientificlinux6.0   | Scientific Linux 6.0                               | 6.0      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.0
 scientificlinux6.1   | Scientific Linux 6.1                               | 6.1      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.1
 scientificlinux6.10  | Scientific Linux 6.10                              | 6.10     | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.10
 scientificlinux6.2   | Scientific Linux 6.2                               | 6.2      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.2
 scientificlinux6.3   | Scientific Linux 6.3                               | 6.3      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.3
 scientificlinux6.4   | Scientific Linux 6.4                               | 6.4      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.4
 scientificlinux6.5   | Scientific Linux 6.5                               | 6.5      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.5
 scientificlinux6.6   | Scientific Linux 6.6                               | 6.6      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.6
 scientificlinux6.7   | Scientific Linux 6.7                               | 6.7      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.7
 scientificlinux6.8   | Scientific Linux 6.8                               | 6.8      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.8
 scientificlinux6.9   | Scientific Linux 6.9                               | 6.9      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/6.9
 scientificlinux7-unknown | Scientific Linux 7 Unknown                         | 7-unknown | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/7-unknown
 scientificlinux7.0   | Scientific Linux 7.0                               | 7.0      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/7.0
 scientificlinux7.1   | Scientific Linux 7.1                               | 7.1      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/7.1
 scientificlinux7.2   | Scientific Linux 7.2                               | 7.2      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/7.2
 scientificlinux7.3   | Scientific Linux 7.3                               | 7.3      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/7.3
 scientificlinux7.4   | Scientific Linux 7.4                               | 7.4      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/7.4
 scientificlinux7.5   | Scientific Linux 7.5                               | 7.5      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/7.5
 scientificlinux7.6   | Scientific Linux 7.6                               | 7.6      | http://scientificlinux.org/scientificlinux/7.6
 silverblue28         | Fedora Silverblue 28                               | 28       | http://fedoraproject.org/silverblue/28  
 silverblue29         | Fedora Silverblue 29                               | 29       | http://fedoraproject.org/silverblue/29  
 silverblue30         | Fedora Silverblue 30                               | 30       | http://fedoraproject.org/silverblue/30  
 sle-unknown          | SUSE Linux Enterprise Unknown                      | unknown  | http://suse.com/sle/unknown             
 sle15                | SUSE Linux Enterprise 15                           | 15       | http://suse.com/sle/15                  
 sle15-unknown        | SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 Unknown                   | 15-unknown | http://suse.com/sle/15-unknown          
 sled10               | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10                   | 10       | http://suse.com/sled/10                 
 sled10sp1            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 SP1               | 10.1     | http://suse.com/sled/10.1               
 sled10sp2            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 SP2               | 10.2     | http://suse.com/sled/10.2               
 sled10sp3            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 SP3               | 10.3     | http://suse.com/sled/10.3               
 sled10sp4            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 SP4               | 10.4     | http://suse.com/sled/10.4               
 sled11               | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11                   | 11       | http://suse.com/sled/11                 
 sled11sp1            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11 SP1               | 11.1     | http://suse.com/sled/11.1               
 sled11sp2            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11 SP2               | 11.2     | http://suse.com/sled/11.2               
 sled11sp3            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11 SP3               | 11.3     | http://suse.com/sled/11.3               
 sled11sp4            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11 SP4               | 11.4     | http://suse.com/sled/11.4               
 sled12               | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 12                   | 12       | http://suse.com/sled/12                 
 sled12-unknown       | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 12 Unknown           | 12-unknown | http://suse.com/sled/12-unknown         
 sled12sp1            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 12 SP1               | 12.1     | http://suse.com/sled/12.1               
 sled12sp2            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 12 SP2               | 12.2     | http://suse.com/sled/12.2               
 sled12sp3            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 12 SP3               | 12.3     | http://suse.com/sled/12.3               
 sled12sp4            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 12 SP4               | 12.4     | http://suse.com/sled/12.4               
 sled9                | SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 9                    | 9        | http://suse.com/sled/9                  
 sles10               | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10                    | 10       | http://suse.com/sles/10                 
 sles10sp1            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP1                | 10.1     | http://suse.com/sles/10.1               
 sles10sp2            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP2                | 10.2     | http://suse.com/sles/10.2               
 sles10sp3            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP3                | 10.3     | http://suse.com/sles/10.3               
 sles10sp4            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP4                | 10.4     | http://suse.com/sles/10.4               
 sles11               | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11                    | 11       | http://suse.com/sles/11                 
 sles11sp1            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP1                | 11.1     | http://suse.com/sles/11.1               
 sles11sp2            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP2                | 11.2     | http://suse.com/sles/11.2               
 sles11sp3            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP3                | 11.3     | http://suse.com/sles/11.3               
 sles11sp4            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP4                | 11.4     | http://suse.com/sles/11.4               
 sles12               | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12                    | 12       | http://suse.com/sles/12                 
 sles12-unknown       | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 Unknown            | 12-unknown | http://suse.com/sles/12-unknown         
 sles12sp1            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP1                | 12.1     | http://suse.com/sles/12.1               
 sles12sp2            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP2                | 12.2     | http://suse.com/sles/12.2               
 sles12sp3            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP3                | 12.3     | http://suse.com/sles/12.3               
 sles12sp4            | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP4                | 12.4     | http://suse.com/sles/12.4               
 sles9                | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9                     | 9        | http://suse.com/sles/9                  
 solaris10            | Solaris 10                                         | 10       | http://sun.com/solaris/10               
 solaris11            | Oracle Solaris 11                                  | 11       | http://oracle.com/solaris/11            
 solaris9             | Solaris 9                                          | 9        | http://sun.com/solaris/9                
 ubuntu10.04          | Ubuntu 10.04 LTS                                   | 10.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/10.04          
 ubuntu10.10          | Ubuntu 10.10                                       | 10.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/10.10          
 ubuntu11.04          | Ubuntu 11.04                                       | 11.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/11.04          
 ubuntu11.10          | Ubuntu 11.10                                       | 11.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/11.10          
 ubuntu12.04          | Ubuntu 12.04 LTS                                   | 12.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/12.04          
 ubuntu12.10          | Ubuntu 12.10                                       | 12.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/12.10          
 ubuntu13.04          | Ubuntu 13.04                                       | 13.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/13.04          
 ubuntu13.10          | Ubuntu 13.10                                       | 13.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/13.10          
 ubuntu14.04          | Ubuntu 14.04 LTS                                   | 14.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/14.04          
 ubuntu14.10          | Ubuntu 14.10                                       | 14.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/14.10          
 ubuntu15.04          | Ubuntu 15.04                                       | 15.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/15.04          
 ubuntu15.10          | Ubuntu 15.10                                       | 15.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/15.10          
 ubuntu16.04          | Ubuntu 16.04                                       | 16.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/16.04          
 ubuntu16.10          | Ubuntu 16.10                                       | 16.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/16.10          
 ubuntu17.04          | Ubuntu 17.04                                       | 17.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/17.04          
 ubuntu17.10          | Ubuntu 17.10                                       | 17.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/17.10          
 ubuntu18.04          | Ubuntu 18.04 LTS                                   | 18.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/18.04          
 ubuntu18.10          | Ubuntu 18.10                                       | 18.10    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/18.10          
 ubuntu19.04          | Ubuntu 19.04                                       | 19.04    | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/19.04          
 ubuntu4.10           | Ubuntu 4.10                                        | 4.10     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/4.10           
 ubuntu5.04           | Ubuntu 5.04                                        | 5.04     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/5.04           
 ubuntu5.10           | Ubuntu 5.10                                        | 5.10     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/5.10           
 ubuntu6.06           | Ubuntu 6.06 LTS                                    | 6.06     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/6.06           
 ubuntu6.10           | Ubuntu 6.10                                        | 6.10     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/6.10           
 ubuntu7.04           | Ubuntu 7.04                                        | 7.04     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/7.04           
 ubuntu7.10           | Ubuntu 7.10                                        | 7.10     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/7.10           
 ubuntu8.04           | Ubuntu 8.04 LTS                                    | 8.04     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/8.04           
 ubuntu8.10           | Ubuntu 8.10                                        | 8.10     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/8.10           
 ubuntu9.04           | Ubuntu 9.04                                        | 9.04     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/9.04           
 ubuntu9.10           | Ubuntu 9.10                                        | 9.10     | http://ubuntu.com/ubuntu/9.10           
 voidlinux            | Void Linux                                         |          | http://voidlinux.org/voidlinux/rolling  
 win1.0               | Microsoft Windows 1.0                              | 1.0      | http://microsoft.com/win/1.0            
 win10                | Microsoft Windows 10                               | 10.0     | http://microsoft.com/win/10             
 win2.0               | Microsoft Windows 2.0                              | 2.0      | http://microsoft.com/win/2.0            
 win2.1               | Microsoft Windows 2.1                              | 2.1      | http://microsoft.com/win/2.1            
 win2k                | Microsoft Windows 2000                             | 5.0      | http://microsoft.com/win/2k             
 win2k12              | Microsoft Windows Server 2012                      | 6.3      | http://microsoft.com/win/2k12           
 win2k12r2            | Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2                   | 6.3      | http://microsoft.com/win/2k12r2         
 win2k16              | Microsoft Windows Server 2016                      | 10.0     | http://microsoft.com/win/2k16           
 win2k19              | Microsoft Windows Server 2019                      | 10.0     | http://microsoft.com/win/2k19           
 win2k3               | Microsoft Windows Server 2003                      | 5.2      | http://microsoft.com/win/2k3            
 win2k3r2             | Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2                   | 5.2      | http://microsoft.com/win/2k3r2          
 win2k8               | Microsoft Windows Server 2008                      | 6.0      | http://microsoft.com/win/2k8            
 win2k8r2             | Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2                   | 6.1      | http://microsoft.com/win/2k8r2          
 win3.1               | Microsoft Windows 3.1                              | 3.1      | http://microsoft.com/win/3.1            
 win7                 | Microsoft Windows 7                                | 6.1      | http://microsoft.com/win/7              
 win8                 | Microsoft Windows 8                                | 6.2      | http://microsoft.com/win/8              
 win8.1               | Microsoft Windows 8.1                              | 6.3      | http://microsoft.com/win/8.1            
 win95                | Microsoft Windows 95                               | 4.0      | http://microsoft.com/win/95             
 win98                | Microsoft Windows 98                               | 4.1      | http://microsoft.com/win/98             
 winme                | Microsoft Windows Millennium Edition               | 4.9      | http://microsoft.com/win/me             
 winnt3.1             | Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.1                    | 3.1      | http://microsoft.com/winnt/3.1          
 winnt3.5             | Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.5                    | 3.5      | http://microsoft.com/winnt/3.5          
 winnt3.51            | Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51                   | 3.51     | http://microsoft.com/winnt/3.51         
 winnt4.0             | Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0                    | 4.0      | http://microsoft.com/winnt/4.0          
 winvista             | Microsoft Windows Vista                            | 6.0      | http://microsoft.com/win/vista          
 winxp                | Microsoft Windows XP                               | 5.1      | http://microsoft.com/win/xp  

8、连接KVM节点

由于我这里是远程连接的,所有我就直接使用了VNC连接,如果要是本地的话,还可以使用virt-manager、virt-viewer连接
基于CentOS8系统制作OpenStack的镜像

9、为了方便等下进系统操作,我们这边来给新建的虚拟机做下远程管理端口映射

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 /data]# virsh list --all
 Id    Name                           State
----------------------------------------------------
 1     centos7                        running

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 /data]# virsh domifaddr centos7
 Name       MAC address          Protocol     Address
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 vnet0      52:54:00:57:41:10    ipv4         192.168.122.114/24

[root@DT_Node-192_168_233_128 /data]# ncat --sh-exec "ncat 192.168.122.114 22" -l 12992 --keep-open

这样我们就可以通过连接192.168.233.128宿主机的12992端口来转发到kvm虚拟机的22端口了

=======================================================================================

开始制作Windows 镜像

virt-install --name windows2019 \
--connect qemu:///system \
--arch=x86_64 --ram 4096 --vcpus 2 \
--cpu host --video cirrus \
--network network=default,model=virtio \
--features hyperv_relaxed=on,hyperv_spinlocks=on,hyperv_vapic=on \
--graphics vnc,listen=0.0.0.0 \
--noautoconsole \
--os-type windows --os-variant win2k19 \
--disk path=/data/virt/windows2019.qcow2,size=60,format=qcow2,device=disk,bus=virtio \
--cdrom=/data/iso/cn_windows_server_2019_updated_march_2019_x64_dvd_c1ffb46c_VirtIO.iso

Cloudbase-Init 下载地址: https://cloudbase.it/cloudbase-init/#download

Username为需要修改密码的用户。如果用户名不存在,会先创建,然后设置密码。
基于CentOS8系统制作OpenStack的镜像

最后一步选择Run Sysprep
基于CentOS8系统制作OpenStack的镜像

添加 setuserpassword Plugin

修改配置文件\PATH\TO\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloubase-Init\conf\cloudbase-init-unattend.conf, plugins项添加cloudbaseinit.plugins.common.setuserpassword.SetUserPasswordPlugin。

[DEFAULT]
username=Administrator
groups=Administrators
inject_user_password=true
config_drive_raw_hhd=true
config_drive_cdrom=true
config_drive_vfat=true
bsdtar_path=C:\Program Files\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init\bin\bsdtar.exe
mtools_path=C:\Program Files\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init\bin\
verbose=true
debug=true
logdir=C:\Program Files\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init\log\
logfile=cloudbase-init-unattend.log
default_log_levels=comtypes=INFO,suds=INFO,iso8601=WARN,requests=WARN
logging_serial_port_settings=COM1,115200,N,8
mtu_use_dhcp_config=true
ntp_use_dhcp_config=true
local_scripts_path=C:\Program Files\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init\LocalScripts\
metadata_services=cloudbaseinit.metadata.services.configdrive.ConfigDriveService,cloudbaseinit.metadata.services.httpservice.HttpService,cloudbaseinit.metadata.services.ec2service.EC2Service,cloudbaseinit.metadata.services.maasservice.MaaSHttpService
plugins=cloudbaseinit.plugins.common.mtu.MTUPlugin,cloudbaseinit.plugins.common.sethostname.SetHostNamePlugin,cloudbaseinit.plugins.windows.extendvolumes.ExtendVolumesPlugin,cloudbaseinit.plugins.common.setuserpassword.SetUserPasswordPlugin
allow_reboot=false
stop_service_on_exit=false
check_latest_version=false

下次启动强制重新设置密码

这个功能默认是打开的,要关闭下次启动强制重新设置密码需要修改\PATH\TO\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloubase-Init\Python\Lib\site-packages\cloudbaseinit\plugins\common\setuserpassword.py:

不传入admin_pass不使用随机密码

默认情况下,装了 Cloudbase-Init 在不传入admin_pass启动虚拟机,将会使用随机密码。要取消使用随机密码需要修改\PATH\TO\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloubase-Init\Python\Lib\site-packages\cloudbaseinit\plugins\common\setuserpassword.py:

        password, injected = self._get_password(service, shared_data)
        if not password:
            return None
            #LOG.debug('Generating a random user password')
            #password = osutils.generate_random_password(
            #    CONF.user_password_length)

        osutils.set_user_password(user_name, password)
        #self._change_logon_behaviour(user_name, password_injected=injected)
        return password

基于CentOS8系统制作OpenStack的镜像

lookback
  • 本文由 发表于 2020年2月7日20:54:34
  • 除非特殊声明,本站文章均为原创,转载请务必保留本文链接
匿名

发表评论

匿名网友 填写信息

:?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: